Subgenres derived from cyberpunk

With the success of cyberpunk, several subgenres of speculative fiction derived from it have likewise gained prominence. Some are futuristic, some retro-futuristic. Many of these have the suffix -punk as a continuance of the creation of portmanteau words like that of cyberpunk.

Futuristic derivatives

Postcyberpunk: Ubiquitous computing and cybernetic body modifications are present, but life is pleasure-driven and comfortable, rather than bleak and grim. People are generally free and happy and there is a sense of connectedness, in contrast to the alienation and apathy typical in cyberpunk. Things are not perfect but the protagonists seek to strengthen the existing social order rather than destroy it.

Biopunk: Biotechnology + punk. Involves the struggle against a controlling government/megacorporation that misuses biotechnologies. Body modifications involve genetic manipulation rather than cyberware.

Nanopunk: Similar to biopunk but here, biotechnology is limited or prohibited and only nanotechnologies are widely used, whereas in biopunk, nanotechnologies and biotechnologies often coexist.

Retro-futuristic derivatives

Steampunk: Features anachronistic technology and an alternative history using Victorian and Edwardian fashion, art, architectural style, and culture. The Industrial Revolution has already begun, but electricity is not yet widely used. The setting can also be a fantasy world where spring- or steam-powered technology is prevalent.

Dieselpunk / Decopunk: Features modern technology and the aesthetics and influences of the period between World War I and World War II, such as film noir, pulp magazines, and art deco.

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